Understanding Autism And Its Symptoms In Children

Understanding Autism And Its Symptoms In ChildrenAutism has been classified as a spectrum disorder, which essentially means that there is great disparity in the manner it affects the various people it affects. Each child diagnosed with autism has unique sets of abilities and limitations.

To understand your child’s autism, it is important to understand that it is not a single disorder, but an entire spectrum of similar or related disorders. The common symptoms may include problems with social interactions, social empathy, communication, and flexibility in behaviour. However, the extent or severity of the problem varies greatly.

As a parent dealing with a child who is afflicted with autism, you may have faced the terms like high-functioning autism, atypical autism, autism spectrum disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder and been confused about them. No matter how the doctors use these terms and how they label your child, you must focus on the individual needs of the child instead of the label.

Some of the symptoms exhibited in autistic children may be listed as under:

Social Behavior & Social Understanding

  • Strange or inappropriate body language
  • Disinterest in the people around or in participating in activities that involve other people
  • Lack of interest in approaching others or in continuing social interactions, preferring to be left alone
  • Inability or difficulty in understanding other people’s feelings, reactions or any other non-verbal indications
  • Strong resistance to touch
  • Inability to make friends with children of the same age

Speech & Language

  • Impediment or inability in learning to speak
  • Adopting an abnormal tone, pitch or rhythm of speech
  • Repeating the same phrase or string of words again and again, without an intent of communication
  • Struggling while trying to start or continue a conversation
  • Inability to communicate needs
  • Inability to understand simple statements or questions
  • Taking the things literally, not getting humour, irony, or sarcasm

Restricted Behaviour and Play

  • Repetitive body gestures and continuous motion
  • Getting an obsessive attachment to mundane objects
  • Fixating on an extremely narrow subject of interest, maybe things involving numbers or symbols
  • Inability to accept any change and an obsessive need for routine or order
  • Odd body movements, clumsiness, or unusual body posture
  • An unusual fascination for moving objects, spinning objects or movable parts of toys
  • Extreme or no reaction to sensory inputs

While keeping these symptoms in mind, you also must understand that just because your child exhibits some of these does not necessarily mean that he has Autism Spectrum Disorder. Autism Spectrum Disorder is diagnosed by able professionals on the basis of multiple symptoms that might disrupt the afflicted person’s ability to express, form relationships, learn, play or explore the world around them


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