Autism Spectrum Disorder does not have a standard treatment or a fixed treatment plan. There, however are a number of guidelines or ways in which the symptoms can be minimized and the abilities and capabilities can be maximised. The most effective therapy or intervention differs from person to person. But highly structured and specialised programs have the best response for people suffering from Autism Spectrum Disorder. There have been cases where apt treatment has helped people with autism attain a near normal level of functioning.
Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder may often be mistaken for those of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or ADHD. Hence, it is important to focus on the symptoms and not on labels. By focusing on symptoms and working on minimizing them, there is a better chance of addressing the child’s special needs.
There are numerous therapies on offer for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Some are listed hereunder:
- Behavioral Management Therapy – through this therapy there is an effort to reduce the unwanted behavioural traits and emphasize on the desirable behavioural traits.
- Cognitive Behaviour Therapy – this therapy emphasizes to help develop a connection between feelings & behaviour.
- Early Intervention – it has been observed that through an early intervention at pre-school age or before, the results are more positive.
- Joint Attention Therapy – the focus of this therapy is on improving specific skills related to joint attention like pointing, showing, and coordinating looks between a person and an object.
- Medication Treatment – though there is no medication to treat Autism Spectrum Disorder, but some medicines are known to help treat some of the symptoms. Medication used with behavioural therapy is known to bring in quite a change.
- Nutritional Therapy – the children with ASD might be picky about what they eat or resist eating altogether. It is important to collaborate with a good dietician to ensure nourishment and good health.
- Occupational Therapy – this helps the children with ASD to complete their everyday tasks by making the most of their abilities, needs, and interests.
- Parent-mediated Therapy – parents of the children with ASD learns therapy techniques from the professionals and provides these specific therapies to their children.
- Physical Therapy – this includes activities and therapy that focuses on building motor skills & strength and improve posture & balance.
- Social Skills Training – this is a training to help children with ASD interact socially with peer especially.
- Speech-language Therapy – this therapy focuses on helping the children with ASD improve their ability to communicate.
It is important to discuss all possible treatments and therapy with your doctor and come up with a personalised plan best suited to cater to the needs of your child with a focus on addressing the symptoms of the Autism Spectrum Disorder.