How Can You As A Parent Help Your Children With Dyslexia?

How Can You As A Parent Help Your Children With Dyslexia?Dyslexia is a reading disorder which is caused by both genetic and environmental factors. It is characterized by an inability or difficulty in reading in spite of normal intelligence.

Difference between a child who is a slow reader and a child with dyslexia

The skill to read is an acquired skill. Children are exposed to this skill when they interact with baby books. In a formalised structure the learning process is focused on the alphabet, recognising the letters and putting them together to form words first, and then sentences.

Certain children, due to lack of opportunities may be a little slow to read. However, children with dyslexia have a problem in reading due to structural differences in the way their brain processes the written language or symbols.

The symptoms associated with dyslexia may be listed as under:

  • Trouble in reading single words e.g. word on a flash card
  • Trouble connecting letters with their sounds
  • Trouble in differentiating small words e.g. ‘at’ and ‘to’
  • Mirroring the letters especially ‘b’ and ‘d’
  • Mirroring whole words e.g. ‘pit’ and ‘tip’

Managing dyslexia involves intervention through teaching instead of medication. Dyslexia is easily and most commonly diagnosed at school. The treatment involves adjusting the teaching methodology to cater to the special needs of the child. Through appropriate treatment, the underlying problem may not be cured, but the degree of the symptoms would definitely decrease. Parental support and motivation are key to the success of this treatment.

Some of the ways in which the parents can help children with dyslexia improve are:

  • Identify the problem areas in reading and learning at an early stage and intervene on their own while seeking help from professionals
  • Help the child discover and develop their love for reading by reading to them regularly
  • Motivate the child to discover other interests and talents
  • Help the child understand that dyslexia is a learning disability and not related to IQ or intelligence
  • Create an environment of encouragement and of safety to keep the child happy and motivated

Understanding Autism And Its Symptoms In Children

Understanding Autism And Its Symptoms In ChildrenAutism has been classified as a spectrum disorder, which essentially means that there is great disparity in the manner it affects the various people it affects. Each child diagnosed with autism has unique sets of abilities and limitations.

To understand your child’s autism, it is important to understand that it is not a single disorder, but an entire spectrum of similar or related disorders. The common symptoms may include problems with social interactions, social empathy, communication, and flexibility in behaviour. However, the extent or severity of the problem varies greatly.

As a parent dealing with a child who is afflicted with autism, you may have faced the terms like high-functioning autism, atypical autism, autism spectrum disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder and been confused about them. No matter how the doctors use these terms and how they label your child, you must focus on the individual needs of the child instead of the label.

Some of the symptoms exhibited in autistic children may be listed as under:

Social Behavior & Social Understanding

  • Strange or inappropriate body language
  • Disinterest in the people around or in participating in activities that involve other people
  • Lack of interest in approaching others or in continuing social interactions, preferring to be left alone
  • Inability or difficulty in understanding other people’s feelings, reactions or any other non-verbal indications
  • Strong resistance to touch
  • Inability to make friends with children of the same age

Speech & Language

  • Impediment or inability in learning to speak
  • Adopting an abnormal tone, pitch or rhythm of speech
  • Repeating the same phrase or string of words again and again, without an intent of communication
  • Struggling while trying to start or continue a conversation
  • Inability to communicate needs
  • Inability to understand simple statements or questions
  • Taking the things literally, not getting humour, irony, or sarcasm

Restricted Behaviour and Play

  • Repetitive body gestures and continuous motion
  • Getting an obsessive attachment to mundane objects
  • Fixating on an extremely narrow subject of interest, maybe things involving numbers or symbols
  • Inability to accept any change and an obsessive need for routine or order
  • Odd body movements, clumsiness, or unusual body posture
  • An unusual fascination for moving objects, spinning objects or movable parts of toys
  • Extreme or no reaction to sensory inputs

While keeping these symptoms in mind, you also must understand that just because your child exhibits some of these does not necessarily mean that he has Autism Spectrum Disorder. Autism Spectrum Disorder is diagnosed by able professionals on the basis of multiple symptoms that might disrupt the afflicted person’s ability to express, form relationships, learn, play or explore the world around them